Mentha aquatica

Overview
Full NameMentha aquatica
GenusMentha
Speciesaquatica
Common Namewatermint
AbbreviationM. aquatica

Description

Perennial plant with wide-spreading rhizomes.
Native to much of Europe, northwest Africa and southwest Asia.

Prefers moist or wet soild, and can grow in water (partially submerged).

Not cultivated on commercial scale.

Along with spearmint, one of the parents of peppermint.

 

 

 

 

Genetics

2n=8x=96 (octoploid).

Oil characteristics

High:  (+)-menthofuran.
Medium:  1,8-cineole, beta-caryophyllene.
Low:  gamma-cadinene, viridiflorol, (-)-limonene.

Notes: The natural diversity of the oil composition among Mentha aquatica accessions is currently being investigated.  These data sets will be uploaded here soon.

Essential oil composition of watermint (Mentha aquatica):

Constituent Abundance
(% of oil)
Structure
(+)-Menthofuran 40-80
1,8-Cineole 8-18
β-Caryophyllene 6-12
γ-Cadinene 3-5
Viridiflorol 3-5
(-)-Limonene 1-5

 

References


B.M. Lawrence (Ed.) (2006) Mint - The Genus Mentha, CRC Press.
Murray, M.J.L., Lincoln, D.E., Marble, P.M. (1972) Oil composition of Mentha aquatica x M. spicata F1 hybrids in relation to the origin of M. x piperita. Can. J. Genet. Cytol. 14: 13-29.
Malingré, T.M., Maarse, H. (1974) Composition of the essential oil of Mentha aquatica. Phytochemistry 13: 1531-1535.

Feature Summary
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Cross References
External references for this organism
DatabaseAccession
SRASRX533474
SRASRX533475
USDA Plant ProfileMEAQ
WikipediaMentha_aquatica