The yew family (Taxaceae) consists of evergreen trees and shrubs that can be divided into six genera, which include Amentotaxus (4 species occurring mostly in China), Austrotaxus (1 species found exclusively in New Caledonia, an island territory in the South Pacific), Cephalotaxus (6 species endemic to eastern Asia), Pseudotaxus (1 species occurring in southern China), Taxus (number of species still a matter of debate; distribution across the northern hemisphere but mainly in North America, Europe and Southeast Asia), and Torreya (6 or 7 species native to East Asia and North America). However, the taxonomy of the genus Taxus has remained controversial, mostly due to the lack of diagnostic morphological characters and the high degree of similarity among species.

The taxonomic classification of the yew family is as follows:

Kingdom Plantae
Clade Tracheophytes
Division Pinophyta
Class Pinopsida
Order Pinales
Family Taxaceae

Genus Species Common Name
Amentotaxus Amentotaxus argotaenia Catkin Yew
Amentotaxus assamica Assam Catkin Yew
Amentotaxus formosana Poilane's Catkin Yew
Amentotaxus yunnanensis Yunnan Catkin Yew
Austrotaxus Austrotaxus spicata New Caledonia Yew
Cephalotaxus Cepalotaxus fortunei Chinese Plum Yew
Cephalotaxus griffithii Griffith's Plum Yew
Cephalotaxus hainanensis Hainan Plum Yew
Cephalotaxus harringtonii Japanese Plum Yew
Cephalotaxus koreana Korean Plum Yew
Cephalotaxus lanceolata Gongshan Plum Yew
Cephalotaxus latifolia Broad-leaved Plum Yew
Cephalotaxus mannii Mann's Plum Yew
Pseudotaxus Pseudotaxus chienli Whiteberry Yew
Taxus Taxus baccata European Yew
Taxus biternata Delicate Branch Yew
Taxus brevifolia Pacific Yew
Taxus caespitosa Caespitosa Yew
Taxus canadensis Canada Yew
Taxus celebica Celebes Yew
Taxus chinensis China Yew
Taxus contorta West Himalayan Yew
Taxus cuspidata Japanese Yew
Taxus fastigiata Irish Yew
Taxus floridana Florida Yew
Taxus florinii Florin Yew
Taxus fauna N/A
Taxus globosa Mesoamerican Yew
Taxus kingstonii Kingston Yew
Taxus mairei Maire Yew
Taxus obscura Obscure Yew
Taxus ocreata Scaly Yew
Taxus phytonii Phyton Yew
Taxus recurvata English Yew
Taxus rehderiana Rehder Yew
Taxus scutata Scutaceous Yew
Taxus suffnessii Suffness Yew
Taxus sumatrana Sumatera Yew
Taxus umbracullifera Umbrelliform Yew
Taxus walliciana East Himalayan Yew
Torreya Torreya californica California Torreya
Torreya fargesii Farges Nutmeg Tree
Torreya grandis Chinese Nutmeg Yew
Torreya nucifera Japanese Nutmeg Yew
Torreya taxifolia Florida Torreya